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1.ŇôŇ륣ÓĐЊרÓĐĂű´ĘČçľŘĂűĄ˘ČËĂűŇÔź°ĘőÓďĂűłĆľČÔÚŇëÓďÖĐÎŢśÔÓŚ´ĘʹͨłŁÓĂŇôŇ룏ŇÔąÜĂâÖąŇëťňŇâŇë´řŔ´ľÄÎó˝âĄŁŔýŁşĚě˝ň——TianjinŁťÍőĎţşę——Wang XiaohongŁťŃí¸č——yangkoŁť˝Č×Ó——jiaoziĄŁ

2.ÖąŇ륣“´ĘÓďÖ¸łĆŇâŇĺľÄÖąŇ룏šŘźüŇŞ×öľ˝×źČˇÎŢÎóĄŁŇŞ×˘ŇâˇŔÖšÁ˝ÖÖĎÖĎóŁşŇťĘÇרÓĐĂű´ĘťňרĂĹĘőÓďľÄÎóŇ룏śţĘÇŐŇľ˝‘źŮĹóÓŃ’——ź´Á˝ÖÖÓďŃÔÖĐĐÎĘ˝ĎŕÍŹŁŹľŤŇâŇĺČ´˝ŘČť˛ťÍŹľÄ´ĘĄŁ”ĄŁŔýČ磺“ĐÂÎĹŐŐĆŹ”˛ťĘÇnews photoŁŹśřĘÇpress photoĄŁ“°×žĆ”˛ťĘÇ“white wine”ŁŹśřĘÇspiritsĄŁ

şşÓď×÷ơľÄĚâÄżťňľçĘÓžçĂűľÄˇ­ŇëŇť°ăÓĂÖąŇ륣ŔýŁşĄśşěÂĽĂÎĄˇŇëÎŞA Dream of Red MansionsŁťĄśąąžŠČËÔÚĹŚÔźĄˇŇëÎŞŁşA Native of Beijing in New YorkŁťŇťĐŠÉĚąęĂűҲżÉÓĂÖąŇ롨Łş“ĐĄĚěśě”Ď´ŇÂťú“Little Swan”WasherĄŁ

3.ÔöŇ륣Čç´ÓšŚÄÜśÔľČÂ۾ĽǜȡÖÎöŁŹˇ­ŇëÖĐľÄÔö´ĘąŘĐëÔÚŇëÎÄşÍÔ­ÎÄÖŽźä´ďłÉˇç¸ńÉϾēšŚÄܜԾȔŁŹ¸üҪעÖŘÄÚČÝÉϾĜԾȴŤľÝŁŹžĄżÉÄÜ×öľ˝ŇëÎľĜÁŐßşÍÔ­ÎÄśÁŐßÔÚ¸ĐĘÜÉĎťůąžĎŕÍŹĄŁÔö´ĘŇť°ăÓĂÓÚŇÔĎÂČýÖÖÇéżöŁşŇťĘÇÎŞÁËÓÉĎľÄĐčŇŞŁťśţĘÇÎŞÁËŇâŇĺÉĎľÄĐčŇŞŁťČýĘÇÎŞÁËĐŢ´ÇÉĎľÄĐčŇŞĄŁ

“şşÓďśŕÎŢÖ÷žäŁŹśřÓ˘ÓďÎŢÖ÷žäÖťÄÜąíĘžĆíĘšÓďĆřŁŹĘšÓáśÎ§Ő­ľĂśŕŁŹÔöźÓˇşÖ¸ŇâŇĺľÄ´ú´ĘťňˇűşĎÉĎĎÂÎÄÂßź­ŇâŇĺľÄ´ú´Ę˛ťĘ§ÎŞŇťÖÖ˝âžö°ěˇ¨ĄŁ”ŔýŁşČçšű×ß˝üÁËŁŹťáˇ˘ĎÖËűĂÇÄǿɰŽľÄÉńÇé——If you approach themŁŹyou will see their cute looks.¸ĂžäÎŞşşÓﳣźűľÄÎŢÖ÷žäŁŹˇ­ŇëĘąÓŚÔöŇëłöÖ÷Óď“you”ĄŁ

4.źőŇ륣ÔÚşşŇëÓ˘ľÄšýłĚÖĐŁŹżÉŇÔˇ˘ĎÖşşÓďÖĐ´ĘÓďľÄÖظ´ĎÖĎóąČ˝ĎśŕŁŹČçšű°ŃŐâĐŠÖظ´ľÄ´ĘČŤśźˇ­ŇëłöŔ´ŁŹŇëÎÄÔňťáĎÔľĂČßł¤†ŞŕÂĄŁËůŇÔÔÚşşŇëӢʹŁŹźőŇëĘÇž­łŁĘšÓþġ˝ˇ¨ĄŁŐâŃů×öľÄÄżľÄĘÇÎŞÁËĘšŇëÎÄźňĂ÷śóŇŞĄŁŔýČ磺ÎŇĂÇŇŞÖŇÓÚľłĄ˘ÖŇÓÚČËĂńĄ˘ÖŇÓÚ×ćšúĄŁWe should be loyal to our partyŁŹto our people and to our motherland.ąžŇëÎÄĘĄÂÔÁËşóĂćľÄÁ˝¸ö“ÖŇÓÚ”ŁŹĘšŇëÎÄźň˝ŕͨ˳ĄŁ

5.źÓעĄŁşşÓďľÄłÉÓďľÄĚŘľăĘÇŃÔźňŇâę࣏ÄܰѡḝľÄŇâŇĺÓĂźňśĚľÄź¸¸ö×Öąí´ďłöŔ´ŁŹŇň´ËłÉÓﲝÄÜ´Ó×ÖĂćÉĎŔ´Ŕí˝âĄŁ°ŃşşÓďľÄłÉÓŇëłÉÓ˘ÓďĘąŁŹÓŚąŁÁôłÉÓďľÄĐÎĎ󥢹ČÓ÷şÍĂń×ĺÉŤ˛ĘŁŹ´ËĘążÉŇÔÓĂźÓעĄŁŔýČ磺śÔĹŁľŻÇŮŁşplay the lute to a cow—address the wrong audienceŁťźŚĂŤËâƤŁşchicken feathers and garlic skins—triflesĄŁĎČ°´×ÖĂćŇâŇ塭ŇëÖŽşóŁŹÔÚźÓע˛żˇÖ˝âĘÍÁËłÉÓďľÄŐćŐýşŹŇ奣

6.ŇâŇ륣ˇ­ŇëŔíÂŰźŇÓČ˝đ·A·ÄδďÔÚĆ䥜ˇ­ŇëŔíÂŰÓëĘľźůĄˇŇťĘéÖĐÖ¸łöˇ­ŇëžÍĘÇ“ÓĂ×îĚůÇĐĄ˘×î×ÔČťľÄśÔľČľÄÓďŃÔ´ÓÓďŇĺľ˝ÎÄĚĺÔŮĎÖÔ­ÓďĐĹϢ”ľÄšýłĚĄŁšĘÔÚşşÓ˘ˇ­ŇëĘąÎŇĂÇÓŚ¸Ă¸ůžÝÓďŃÔľÄĘľźĘÇéżöŁŹśÔ´ĘÓďÔÚžßĚĺľÄÓďŃÔťˇžłÓëÉĎĎÂÎÄÖĐľÄŇâŇĺ˝řĐĐ×ĐϸÍĆÇĂÖŽşó˝řĐĐŇâŇ륣

ŔýČçŇť¸ö´ĘżÉÄÜÔÚ´ĘľäŔďÓĐśŕÖÖ˝âĘÍŁŹŐâҲĘÇÎŇĂÇͨłŁËľľÄŇť´ĘśŕŇ奣ÔÚşşÓ˘ˇ­ŇëšýłĚľąÖС­ŇëŐâÖÖ´ĘĘąŁŹÓŚ¸Ă¸ůžÝ´ĘÔÚşşÓďľÄžßĚĺÓďŃÔťˇžłÖĐËůąí´ďľÄĚŘś¨şŹŇ壏˝řĐСÖÎöÖŽşóÔ١­ŇëłÉÓ˘Ó北ŔýČ磺ХąŚąŚŐýÔÚ°˛ËŻ——The baby is sleeping peacefully.“°˛”ÔÚŐâŔďÓĐ“peaceful”ľÄŇâËźĄŁËűĂÇ°˛ľÖąąžŠ——They arrived in Beijing safely.“°˛”ÔÚŐâŔďÖ¸ľÄĘÇ“safe”ĄŁ˝ĚĘÚŐýÔÚ°˛ÉńŁŹ˛ťŇŞČĽ´ňČĹËű——The professor is setting his mind at easeŁŹdon’t disturb him.ŐâŔďľÄ“°˛”ÓĐ“setŁ¨sb.’s mindŁŠ at ease”ľÄŇâËźĄŁ

ҝЊ´ĘťňśĚÓďľÄˇ­ŇëÓŚ¸ůžÝÉĎĎÂÎÄľÄÄÚČÝŔ´˝řĐС­Ň룏ˇńÔňťáÍáÇúÔ­ÎÄľÄŇâËźĄŁŔýČ磺ĚěĚě˛Č×ĹĹÎľÄĘŻ˝×śřÉĎŁŹ×ÔźşžšłÉÁËŇť¸ö´óÄĐČË——Climbing the upward steps of hope I had become a fully grown man.“´óÄĐČË”˛ťÄÜÖąŇëÎŞ“a big man”ŁŹ´Ë´ŚÖ¸“ł¤´ółÉČË”ŁŹżÉŇëÎŞ“a fully grown man”ĄŁ

ČýĄ˘˝áĘřÓď

ÔÚˇ­ŇëľÄšýłĚľąÖĐŁŹŇëŐßąŘĐëČĎÇĺÔ­ÎÄľÄËźĎëÄÚČÝŁŹĹŹÁŚ´Ť´ďÔ­×÷ľÄžŤÉńŁŹąÜĂâÖđ×Öˇ­Ňëťň°ŃÔ­ÎÄľÄÓďŃÔĐÎʽԭˇâ˛ťśŻľÄ°áľ˝ŇëÎÄÖĐŔ´ĄŁąžÎÄÖ÷ŇŞ´Ó×ִʺ͜ĚÓďľÄ˛ăĂćÉĎŁŹÍ¨šýÁĐžŮĐíśŕşşŇëÓ˘ľÄĘľŔýŁŹĚÖÂŰÁËÔÚşşŇëӢʹŁŹÔőŃůͨšýÔËÓĂÁůÖÖˇ­Ňë˛ßÂÔ——ŇôŇ륢ֹŇ륢ÔöŇ륢źőŇ륢źÓעĄ˘ŇâŇ룏Ŕ´ĘľĎÖšŚÄܜԾȥŁź´ĚÖÂŰÁËÔőŃůĘšÓá­Ňë˛ßÂÔĘšŇëÎÄąí´ďןȡĄ˘Í¨ËłĄ˘ĚůÇĐĄ˘ÎÄŃĹĄŁ

˛ÎżźÎÄĎףş

[1]ĐťĐńÉý.ĚŘÉŤşşÓ˘ˇ­Ňë˝ĚłĚ[M].ÎÚ³ĞĆ룺Đ½Ž´óѧłö°ćÉ磏2009Ł¨1ŁŠ.

[2]ĹľľÂŁ¨NordŁŹCŁŠŁŹŐĹĂŔˇźŁŹÍőżËˇÇŇë.ŇëÓĐËůÎŞ——šŚÄܡ­ŇëŔíÂ۲űĘö[M].ąąžŠŁşÍâÓď˝ĚѧÓëŃĐžżłö°ćÉ磏2005Ł¨3ŁŠ.

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